Effects of Surface Mining on Ground Water Quality

2015-12-29· Effects of Surface Mining on Ground Water Quality by Henry Rauch Nature of Ground‐water pollution by surface mining Ground water is becoming a major concern with respect to surface mining of coal in both West Virginia and the nation's other coal fields.

Impact of mining activities on ground water quality status, Dareta

2019-07-09· Impact of mining activities on ground water quality status, Dareta Village, Zamfara, Nigeria *1Udiba Udiba. U., 1 Bashir Inuwa., followed by burial of the contaminated surface soil in land fill which may have far reaching consequences on the ground water quality.

Mining and Water Pollution — Safe Drinking Water

MINING AND WATER POLLUTION FACT SHEET. Water is essential to life on our planet. A prerequisite of sustainable development must be to ensure uncontaminated streams, rivers, lakes and oceans. There is growing public concern about the condition of fresh water in Canada.

Effects of coal mining on ground and surface water quality,

The Science of the Total Environment, 8 (1977) 21-38 (~) Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam Printed in The Netherlands EFFECTS OF COAL MINING ON GROUND AND SURFACE WATER QUALITY, MONONGALIA COUNTY, WEST VIRGINIA* ROBERT G. COR.BETT The University of Akron, Department of Geology, Akron, Ohio 44325 (U.S.A.) (Received April 28th, 1976) ABSTRACT Water quality

EFFECTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION ON

2010-12-17· surface-water quantity and quality, ground- water quantity and quality, and the econom­ ics of mining and reclamation. The U.S. Geological Survey was responsible for the ground-water phase of the study. Purpose and-Scope The purpose of this report is to pro­ vide an overview of the effects of surface coal mining and reclamation on ground-water

(PDF) Impact of Mining Activity on Water Resource : An

Perhaps the most significant impact of a mining is, its effects on water resources. The impact of mining on surface and groundwater is due to spill/tailing, erosion, sedimentation, acid mine

Impact of Mining on Ground and Surface Waters

2012-02-18· surface reliefs are rocked, and so on. One of the major effects of mining is its impact on ground and surface waters. This, along with other disturbances, make the ecosystem to meet with grevious consequences. The impact of mining on ground water may be considered under the fo11owing areas: a) Lowering of water table b) Subsidence

Mining and Water Quality USGS

2020-05-06· Mine drainage is metal-rich water formed from a stone reaction between water and rocks containing sulfur-bearing minerals. Problems that can be associated with mine drainage include contaminated drinking water, disrupted growth and reproduction of aquatic plants and animals, and the corroding effects of the acid on parts of infrastructures such as bridges.

LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF SURFACE COAL MINING ON GROUND

2011-02-08· Long-term effects of surface mining 11 Watershed M09 11 Ground-water levels 11 Water quality 17 Watershed 111 34 Ground-water levels 34 Water quality 43 Summary and conclusions 58 References cited 60 Supplemental data 68 ILLUSTRATIONS Figure 1. Map showing location of the study watersheds 3 2.

What affects the quality of surface and groundwater?

2020-05-04· Material adapted from: Vandas, S.J., Winter, T.C., and Battaglin, W.A. 2002. Water and the Environment, p. 42-44. Published by the American Geosciences Institute Environmental Awareness Series. Click here to download the full handbook. Many factors affect the quality of surface and groundwater. Water moving over or under the land surface can undergo physical and stone

Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human Health

2019-06-06· Last Updated on Aug 22, 2018. Effects of Mining. Coal mining, the first step in the dirty lifecycle of coal, causes deforestation and releases toxic amounts of minerals and heavy metals into the soil and water. The effects of mining

Impacts of quarry activities on water resources and effects

2020-04-29· This project intends to investigate the quality and health of water resources in and around the quarry using members of the class Odonata as bio-indicators. Quarry operations impact the environment in several ways, for instance quarry dust can change the chemistry of water

1. Introduction Surface Coal Mining Effects on Ground

2020-05-04· Since 1977, when Congress passed the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA; P.L. 95-87), there have been strict federal rules for restoring the land to "approximately its original contours" and for minimizing degradation of the quality of surface and ground water (e.g., by controlling sediment content and acid or alkaline drainage).

Effects of Mine Drainage on Ground Watera Emrich

Coal mining in Appalachia has degraded both the surface and ground water. During mining, ground water is drained from the rocks and the pyrite associated with the coal beds is exposed to air. Oxidation of the pyrite produces high iron ana sulfate concentration and a low p H in the water. Some of this polluted water flows directly into nearby streams and some moves into the ground‐water system.

What is surface water and what affects its availability?

2020-05-02· Material adapted from: Vandas, S.J., Winter, T.C., and Battaglin, W.A. 2002. Water and the Environment, p. 20-23. Published by the American Geosciences Institute Environmental Awareness Series. Click here to download the full handbook. Surface waters include streams, rivers, lakes, reservoirs, and wetlands. The term stream is used here to represent all flowing surface water, from

Groundwater Quality USGS

2019-10-16· Even though the ground is an excellent mechanism for filtering out particulate matter, such as leaves, soil, and bugs, dissolved chemicals and gases can still occur in large enough concentrations in groundwater to cause problems. • Water Science School HOME • Groundwater topics • Water Quality

Groundwater Quality and Groundwater Pollution

2012-02-07· Reference: Groundwater Quality and Groundwater Pollution THOMAS HARTERis UC Cooperative Extension Hydrogeology Specialist, University of California, Davis, and Kearney Agricultural Center. G roundwater quality comprises the physical, chemical, and biological qualities of ground water. Temperature, turbidity, color, taste, and odor make up the list of physi-

What human activities on the surface have an effect on

Human activities can have an immense impact on ground water. Toxic stone spills, old land fills with no catch basins and septic systems placed too close to wells are just a few examples of ways

Water quality information What are the key factors that

Water quality, which describes the chemical, physical and biological content of water, is influenced by a variety of factors including substances present in the air, soil and rocks, industrial activities, and runoff from urban areas. Thus, good water quality is not easy to achieve.

Surface Coal Mining Effects on Ground Water Recharge

5 MINING: METHODS AND IMPACTS Overview of Surface Mining, Spoil Handling, and Reclamation, 60 Minesoil Properties, 66 Active Surface Mining Effects on Recharge, 68 ~ Reclamation Effects on Recharge and on Water Quality, 73 Control of Adverse Effects of Coal Surface Mining on Ground Water Quality, 78 6 QUANTIFYING GROUND WATER RECHARGE Techniques for Estimating Ground Water

Groundwater Quality and Groundwater Pollution

2012-02-07· Reference: Groundwater Quality and Groundwater Pollution THOMAS HARTERis UC Cooperative Extension Hydrogeology Specialist, University of California, Davis, and Kearney Agricultural Center. G roundwater quality comprises the physical, chemical, and biological qualities of ground water. Temperature, turbidity, color, taste, and odor make up the list of physi-

Water quality information What are the key factors that

Water quality, which describes the chemical, physical and biological content of water, is influenced by a variety of factors including substances present in the air, soil and rocks, industrial activities, and runoff from urban areas. Thus, good water quality is not easy to achieve.

The Environmental Science of Surface Mining dummies

2020-05-03· The environmental damage caused by surface mining is related to the large amount of surface material that humans remove during mining operations. The environmental effects of surface mining include Habitat destruction Soil erosion Air pollution from dust particulates Pollution (especially from sediments) All surface mining

The Effects of Mining on the Ecosystem Sciencing

Ecosystems are affected by the physical perturbations of mining operations, as well as the stone alterations in soil and water. Mining activities vary, but can include soil compaction and conversely, removal of the topsoil. These

Effects of mining bauxite hydrology Department of

2018-11-13· Finding water. Finding new water resources, including Royalties for Regions-funded programs and other drilling programs to explore resources across the state. Water allocation plans. Information about allocation plans, which set out how much water can be reliably taken from groundwater and surface water sources for productive purposes while ensuring the sustainability of the resource

An Attempt to Study the Water Quality Effects of Lignite Strip Mining

2011-12-02· to tackle the issue of lignite strip mining’s effects on water quality using single mine location case studies. As a result, there has not been a systematic attempt to quantify the influence of the pyrite-rich Reklaw Formation on ground and surface water in undisturbed systems then to test

groundwater contamination

Groundwater contamination occurs when man-made products such as gasoline, oil, road salts and chemicals get into the groundwater and cause it to become unsafe and unfit for human use. Materials from the land's surface can move through the soil and end up in the groundwater.

Control of groundwater in surface mining SpringerLink

The presence of groundwater in surface mining operations often creates serious problems. The most important is generally a reduction in stability of the pit slopes. This is caused by pore water pressures and hydrodynamic shock due to blasting which reduce the shear strength and seepage pressures, water in tension cracks and increased unit weight which increase the shear stress.

Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in

Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia. On this page: degraded water quality reaches levels that are acutely lethal to organisms in standard aquatic toxicity tests, Text Equivalent of the Summary Diagram of the Principal Observed and Expected Effects of Mountaintop Mining/Valley Fills on Aquatic Ecosystems.

Effects of surface coal mining and reclamation on

The hydrologic effects of surface coal mining in unlimited areas is difficult to predict, partly because of a lack of adequate data collected before and after mining and reclamation. In order to help provide data to assess the effects of surface mining on the hydrology of small basins in the coal fields of the eastern United States, the U.S. Bureau of Mines sponsored a comprehensive hydrologic

Chapter 2 WATER QUALITY WHO

The effects of human activities on water quality are both widespread and varied in the degree to which they disrupt the ecosystem and/or restrict water use. Pollution of water by human faeces, for example, is attributable to only one source, but the reasons for this type of

Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in

Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in Appalachia. On this page: degraded water quality reaches levels that are acutely lethal to organisms in standard aquatic toxicity tests, Text Equivalent of the Summary Diagram of the Principal Observed and Expected Effects of Mountaintop Mining/Valley Fills on Aquatic Ecosystems.

Hydraulic Impacts of Quarries and Gravel Pits

2014-09-17· (LGUs) often lack the expertise to assess ground-water models (Southwick and others, 2000). . Quarries and pits can affect ground-water and surface-water systems in various ways. This project focused on the following potential impacts: • lowering of local ground-water and surface-water levels from mining operations and mine dewatering,

Control of groundwater in surface mining SpringerLink

The presence of groundwater in surface mining operations often creates serious problems. The most important is generally a reduction in stability of the pit slopes. This is caused by pore water pressures and hydrodynamic shock due to blasting which reduce the shear strength and seepage pressures, water in tension cracks and increased unit weight which increase the shear stress.

IMPACT OF COAL MINING ACTIVITIES ON GROUND WATER

2013-02-21· surface water & its quality ground water & its quality human health. in order to assess the impact of coal mining on ground water regime, a part of raniganj coal field area in the interfluve of ajoy-damodar sub-basin in barddhaman district was selected for study. geology

SURVEY OF BLASTING EFFECTS ON Prepared for UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR BUREAU

2014-04-03· water level to drop and for well-bore permeabili~y to improve. Static wate 1evel r covers if sufficient recharge is available and well performance is -----Ground water, aquifers, water we1ls, coal mines and mining, explosives, blasting, surface mining, vibrations, hydrology, water quality. e. C:OliAll Fleld/Gnmp .. r (9.

Effects of Mining on the Environment and Wildlife

Mining is an inherently destructive industry, and the mining effects of even a single operation can have a severe impact on the environment and the wildlife that lives nearby. Although there are some regulations in place that are intended to minimize the damage, they are not enough to allow mining and wildlife to exist in harmony, especially in cases where the regulations are difficult to enforce.

Surface Coal Mining Effects on Ground Water

Ground Water Provisions in Kentucky Application Form; Appendix C Other Land Use Change Effects on Recharge; Appendix D Water Quality Issues Associated with Surface Coal Mining; GROUND WATER QUALITY: EFFECTS OF COAL SURFACE MINING; Water Quality Criteria; Factors Affecting the Quality of Ground Water; Important Oxidation Reactions; Buffering Reactions, Salinity Production,

Long-term effects of surface coal mining on ground

Long-term effects of surface coal mining on ground-water levels and quality in two small watersheds in eastern Ohio. Columbus, Ohio : U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey ; Denver, Colo. : Books and Open-File Reports Section [distributor], 1990 (OCoLC)1083764685: Material Type: Government publication, National government publication